Nine days after the September 11th attacks, President George W. Bush in an address to Congress announced that he would create the Office of Homeland Security. The goal of this agency was to coordinate the efforts of more than 40 federal agencies in order to prevent further terrorist attacks. Bush created this office nearly a month after the attacks. Tom Ridge, the former governor of Pennsylvania, became the first director of the office, which fell within the Executive Office of the President.
The Office of Homeland Security served primarily as a coordinating body. In other words, the president charged the office with coordinating efforts of other agencies, in addition to the development of a national strategy to prevent terrorism. Because of its limited mandate, several government officials and commentators called for the creation of a stronger department that could be responsible for combating terrorism.